Arguably abortion is the most controversial political issue of the twenty-first century.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, abortion “is the termination of a pregnancy after,
accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus: as a:
spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first twelve weeks of gestation.” The late
1920’s brought about The Infant Life Act. The emphasis of the Infant Life Act rests upon the
annihilation of “the life of a child capable of being born alive.” The Infant Life Act made a
“willful act preformed with the necessary intent a felony in all cases except where the death of
the [unborn] child was an unforeseen result of a good faith attempt to preserve the life of the
mother” (Wade 10). The Infant Life Act also put many physicians between a rock and a hard
place because they know had to choose rather to stop helping people or risk losing their medical
license and being jailed. Needless to say after the passage of The Infant Life Act finding a
“qualified” physician to perform an abortion was a rare commodity. The rise of the career
women is accredited as the driving force behind the liberalization of abortion laws in the 1960’s.
“The [earliest] pro-choice activists were feminists who deemed abortion necessary to the project
of gender equivalence, allowing women the same freedom from sexual consequences, and thus
the same ability to shape their own professional and private lives, as men (Heaphy 45). When
abortion is brought up people often become uncomfortable or even deathly defensive. However,
most people as a general rule of thumb avoid discussing the topic of abortion completely.
Human law functions widely on accepted arbitrary boundaries. These arbitrary
boundaries are crucial to the structure, as well as the overall functionality and survival of a
society. Abortion is no exception. For abortion the “line in the sand” is drawn at the first
trimester. The first trimester is the first twelve weeks or first three months of pregnancy. The first
trimester marks the deadline by which no abortion can be legally performed on a pregnant
women in the United States of America. An abortion preformed after the first trimester is illegal
and punishable under American law criminal statutes. Abortion arguments are vastly opinionated
ideologies based exceedingly upon clever word play. As long as there are two distinguishably
different people on earth there will be a permanent difference in both ideology and opinion. This
difference in opinion is the crux of the abortion conundrum. Abortion arguments boil down to
quibbling over definitions. The abortion question per say is when does a fetus become a person?
Abortion’s two sides are clear and distinctively polarized. There are two sides to every debate:
there is the pro-life stance and the pro-choice stance of the abortion argument. The arguments on
the controversy of abortion display certain similarities and differences between ideology:
relating to definition of a fetus, socio-economic disparity between the supporters of each group,
and court actions upholding or damning prolife or prochoice positions.